Hear, hear, for ear biometrics

11/10/10

University of Southampton is well-known for its work on unusual, lesser-known biometrics. Gait recognition - the way a person walks - has been its favorite in recent years. But now the University has released a paper into ear recognition, which it says can produce a success rate of almost 100 per cent.

In a paper entitled: "A Novel Ray Analogy for Enrolment of Ear Biometrics" just presented at the IEEE Fourth International Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems, scientists from the University’s School of Electronics and Computer Science (ECS) described how a technique called the image ray transform can highlight tubular structures such as ears, making it possible to identify them.

According to a University press release, the research, which was carried out by Professor Mark Nixon, Dr John Carter and Alastair Cummings at ECS, describes how the transform is capable of highlighting tubular structures, such as the helix of the ear and spectacle frames, and, by exploiting the elliptical shape of the helix, can be used as the basis of a method for enrolment for ear biometrics.

Professor Nixon, one of the UK's earliest researchers in this field, reportedly first proved that ears were a viable biometric back in 1999. At that point he said that ears have certain advantages over the more established biometrics as they have a rich and stable structure that is preserved from birth to old age and instead of aging they just get bigger. The ear also does not suffer from changes in facial expression and it is firmly fixed in the middle of the side of the head against a predictable background, unlike face recognition which usually requires the face to be captured against a controlled background.

The fact that ears can be concealed by hair, led Professor Nixon and his team to research their use as a biometric further and to come up with new algorithms to make it possible to identify and isolate the ear from the head.

The technique presented by the scientists achieves 99.6% success at enrolment across 252 images of the XM2VTS database.

“Feature recognition is one of the biggest challenges of computer vision,” said Alastair Cummings, the PhD student for the research. "The ray transform technique may also be appropriate for use in gait biometrics, as legs act as tubular features that the transform is adept at extracting. The transform could also be extended to work upon 3D images, both spatial and spatio-temporal, for 3D biometrics or object tracking. It is a general pre-processing technique for feature extraction in computer images, a technology which is now pervading manufacturing, surveillance and medical applications."

A copy of at: A Novel Ray Analogy for Enrolment of Ear Biometrics can be accessed at: http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/21546/

Subscribe to our free newsletter
Follow us on Twitter
Join us on LinkedIn

Article Comments

No reviews have been submitted

Please add a comment on this article from the Add Comment below.

Please Login or Register.

Login or Register

This article appears in :-

Even ears with hair obstruction can be handled
Even ears with hair obstruction can be handled

SDW conference and connect:ID news

connect:ID 2014 in stats

The overwhelming success of the inaugural connect:ID exhibition and conference at the Ronald Reagan Center in Washington, DC exceeded expectations for event hosts - the IBIA and Science Media Partners.

Plans underway for connect:ID 2015

Preparations are well underway for connect:ID 2015

Share |

Sponsored Links

Speed Identity Speed Identity is an innovative Swedish technology company supplying integrated biometric data capture solutions. The new Speed Capture G3 is the first cross-functional form factor.
id3 Technologies Id3 Technologies is a biometrics expert company providing winning awards algorithms, biometrics devices and ID systems. Established since 1990 and originally involved in electronics, id3 is a biometrics veteran developing innovative, secure and convenient solutions like match on card, multimodal enrolment, AFIS and ABIS.
3M Cogent 3M Cogent is a global biometric identification solutions provider to governments, law enforcement agencies, and commercial enterprises. 3M Cogent delivers the fastest, most accurate, and most sophisticated yet reliable biometric identification solutions in the world.